What is Summer Sausage? - Cured Sausage 107
Jonathon Team Blue Admin Walton's Employee Power User Kansas Dry Cured Sausage
What is Summer Sausage?
Summer Sausage is a semi-dried sausage that is typically stuffed into a larger diameter fibrous casing. It can be made from beef, pork, wild game, or some combination of meat. Some people are intimidated by making it, but the most basic steps can be done by almost any home processor.
10 lb of Untrimmed Pork Butts
1 Bag of H-Summer Sausage
1 oz of Sure Cure (Included with purchase)
Walton’s #12 Meat Grinder
Walton’s 20 lb Meat Mixer
Walton’s 11 lb Sausage Stuffer
Before you begin processing, take your casings out of the package and soak them in warm water for an hour to make them pliable for stuffing, so do this early enough in the process to prevent any delays later.
The first thing you need to do is grind your meat. Make sure you have oiled your plates and knives before starting your grinder. You will want to grind the meat twice; the first grind should be through a 3/8 plate and the second with a 1/8 plate. Remember to keep your meat cold through this process. You can also simply purchase ground pork, as it is readily available. Just make sure you aren’t buying lean pork because you want and need the fat.
Next, you need to mix the seasoning and cure into your meat. To do this, you can either use a meat mixer or do it by hand; because this is a product that we are going to cure and smoke, we need to achieve a high level of protein extraction, so doing this with your hands is difficult but can be done. When using a mixer, add the meat to the mixer, then the seasoning and cure, and finally, the water. You will want to mix in both directions until all seasoning and cure have been mixed in and you have good protein extraction. You will know that a good level of protein extraction has been achieved when the meat is sticky and tacky; if you can pull a handful of it apart and it stretches, that is a good sign.
Next, choose the largest stuffing tube that your casings will fit over and begin stuffing. Stuff until the casings are full and smooth but leave yourself enough room on the end to close with a hog ring. To close with a hog ring twist the end, and then put a hog ring over the twist and crimp it down.
When you are done stuffing, the product has to be held in the refrigerator overnight to allow the cure time to work. If you added Encapsulated Citric Acid or other cure accelerators, you skip this step.
Thermal Processing & Smoking
Set up your smoker and hang your sausage on smoke sticks or lay on racks and smoke at:
125F for 1 hour
140F for 1 hour
155F for 2 hours
175F until internal meat temp of 160F
When they have reached 160° internal temperature, remove them from the smoker and put them in an ice bath to bring the heat down and help set the casings.
Lastly, leave them out at room temperature for about an hour before vacuum packing them. This will ensure you don’t get additional moisture in the vacuum bag, which would affect the shelf life of your meats.
In later classes, we will go over these and more advanced steps in greater detail for making Snack Sticks.
Depending on your pH and your Water Activity, your summer sausage might be shelf stable, but without a way to test this, you should vacuum pack and refrigerate these.
Watch WaltonsTV: Basics For Making Summer Sausage
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I believe there is an error in your Meat Block/recipe. The Meat block lists 10 pounds of Pork. However, all other ingredients are then based on 25 pounds of meat. Example: 1 ounce of Cure is enough for 25 pounds. Same for Citric Acid. Assuming the recipe should be 25 pounds of meat, 1 oz cure and 1 bag of Citric Acid - then you should consider a mixer with a capacity of at least 25 pounds.
Hoe much water do I need to add? Recipe says 2 lbs…is that supposed to be 2 cups?
Denny O Iowa Team Camo Weber Grills Canning Gardening Cast Iron Regular Contributors Power User Green Mountain Grill Sous Vide
Also the casings used were not 19mm as stated at the bottom of the video, they were more like 1-1/2" (40mm) to 2-1/2" (60mm)diameter.